常见的引导让步状语从句的词有though, although, even though和even if，此时，主句前不可用but，但可用yet或still。
1 Although he tried hard, (yet/still) he failed. 尽管他努力了，但他还是失败了。
2 Although I didn't know anybody at the party, I had a very good time. 尽管聚会上的人我一个都不认识，但我仍然玩得很愉快。
3 The family is the essential presence—the thing that never leaves you, even if you find you have to leave it.
4 Although Professor Green's lectures usually ran (A) over the fifty-minute period, (B) but (C) none of his students (D) even objected as they found his lectures both informative and interesting.
上面讨论了常见的让步状语从句的连词，与此相关的是，在英文中，还可以用介词来表示让步转折关系。这些介词主要有despite, in spite of和for all。需要提醒读者注意的是，although和though是连词，因此后面只接从句（有时是省略形式的从句），而这里的介词只接名词（短语），不能接从句。请比较：
1 1) Though he was inexperienced, he did a very good job.
2) In spite of his inexperience, he did a very good job.
3) In spite of his being inexperienced, he did a very good job.
在例句1）中，连词though后面接的是从句he was inexperienced。在例句2）中，his inexperience是一个名词短语，所以要用介词，比如这里用了in spite of。在例句3）中，his being inexperienced是一个动名词短语的形式，也属于名词短语，所以这里也需要用介词，如in spite of。
2 1) Although it was dangerous,...
2) Despite the danger,...
3 1) Though the weather was bad,...
2) In spite of the bad weather,...
4 ________what he achieved in medicine, he remained modest.
本题考查的是状语从句连词的用法。因为这里what＝things that，引导的是一个名词性从句，其本质上相当于一个名词短语，故此处仍需用介词。若用连词though，则只能说成：Though he achieved a lot in medicine, he remained modest.
5 ________tired, he wouldn't stop working.
本题考查的是状语从句连词的用法。因为这是一个省略的状语从句，原句相当于Though he was tired, he wouldn't stop working. 所以要用连词，而不是介词，故C正确。
1 While many countries of the world celebrate their own Mother's Day at different times throughout the year, there are some countries such as Denmark, Finland, Italy, Turkey, Australia, and Belgium which also celebrate Mother's Day on the second Sunday of May.
2 While the government pushed for a total breakup of the software maker, Microsoft fought fiercely against any positions that would affect its ability to compete in the marketplace.
3 While even the modestly educated sought an elevated tone when they put pen to paper before the 1960s, even the most well regarded writing since then has sought to capture spoken English on the page.
4 While often praised by foreigners for its emphasis on the basics, Japanese education tends to stress test taking and mechanical learning over creativity and self-expression.
这里while作为连词表示“尽管”。注意这里的从句是一个省略形式的状语从句，相当于说while it is often praised by...，it指代Japanese education。
5 While history once revered its affinity to literature and philosophy, the emerging social sciences seemed to afford greater opportunities for asking new questions and providing rewarding approaches to an understanding of the past.
1 Young as he is, he is knowledgeable. 他虽然年轻，但知识渊博。
2 There are also desert insects which survive as inactive larvae. In addition, difficult as it is to believe, there are desert fish which can survive through years of drought in the form of inactive eggs.
3 Oldest in our workshop as he is, he works hardest.
4 Much as I respect him, I can not agree with him. 虽然我非常尊重他，但是我仍旧不同意他的意见。
5 Again as he failed in doing this experiment, he didn't lose his heart.
6 Praised as he was, he remained modest. 尽管他受到了表扬，却仍旧很谦虚。
7 Child as he is, he is knowledgeable.
8 Lazy a boy as he is, he is kind to help others.
请注意这里名词短语的语序：lazy a boy。
9 Odd though it sounds, cosmic inflation is a scientifically plausible consequence of some respected ideas in elementary particle physics, and many astrophysicists have been convinced for the better part of a decade that it is true.
10 (A) Much although I have traveled, I have never seen anyone (B) to equal her in thoroughness, (C) whatever (D) the job.
正确答案 A，应改为：Much as。
1．________, he does get annoyed with her sometimes.
A．Although much he likes her
B．Much although he likes her
C．As he likes her much
D．Much as he likes her
2．________lay eggs, but some give birth to live young.
A．Although most insects
B. Most insects
C．Despite most insects
D．Most insects that
3．Airsickness is produced by a disturbance of the inner car,________psychogenic factors, such as fear, also play a part.
A．in spite of
4．_________his physical handicap, he________a successful businessman.
5．________all our kindness to help her, Sarah refused to listen to us.
6．________, the policeman still has good command.
A．Sophisticated as search techniques were
B．Sophisticated were search techniques
C．Search techniques were sophisticated
D．Sophisticated as search techniques they were
7．________, I still enjoy driving even after my accident.
A．It may seem strange though
B．Strange though it may seem
C．Though strange it may seem
D．Strange it may seem though
8．________I admire him as a poet, I do not like him as a man.
9．The engineers are going through with their project,________the expenses have risen.
10．________what she achieved in literature, she remained modest.
11．________annoyed by her words, he tried not to lose his temper.
12．Although Mr. Smith studied (A) art in Paris, (B) but hiswritings attracted (C) much more interest (D) than his paintings.
13．(A) Despite fats and oils are (B) nutritionally important (C) as energy sources, medical research (D) indicates that saturated fats may contribute to hardening of the arteries.