1 I wish I were a little younger. 我希望我能够年轻一点。
2 I wish I could travel to the moon (but I can't do that). 我希望我能够登上月球（但实际上我不能）。
3 I wish I knew his address (but I don't know his address). 我希望我知道他的地址（但实际上我不知道）。
4 Whenever something goes wrong, I just push this little Reset button and restart. I wish my whole life were like that!
5 Success makes so many people hate you. I wish it weren't that way. It would be wonderful to enjoy success without seeing envy in the eyes of those around you. 成功会让很多人讨厌你，我真希望不要这样。如果在享受成功时，看不到身旁人嫉妒的眼神，那该有多么美好啊。
6 I wish I had been there. 我真希望我当时在那。
7 I wish I had not attended that party. 我真希望我当时没参加那个聚会。
8 I wish I could have gone with you to the concert last night. 我真希望昨晚能和你一起去听音乐会。
9 A: I wish I hadn't hurt Mary's feelings like that. You know I never meant to.
B: The great thing about Mary is that she doesn't hold the grudge. By tomorrow she'll have forgotten all about it.
10 A: It's not fun being around Debbie and Mike these days. All they do is quarrel.
B: I've noticed it, too. I wish they would keep their squabbles to themselves.
11 I wish he could explain what he means. 我希望他能解释一下他是什么意思。
12 I wish you would shut up. 我希望你能闭嘴。
7.10.2 在if only感叹句中
1 If only the rain would stop. （对将来的虚拟）但愿雨能停。
2 If only I were taller. （对现在的虚拟）我的个子要是能高一点就好了。
3 If only he had followed your advice! （对过去的虚拟）他要是听从了你的建议就好了！
4 If he had only followed your advice!
5 If I'd only remembered to lock the door.
A．I would remember if I had locked the door.
B．I didn't remember to bring the door key.
C．I forgot there was a rock near the door.
D．I wish I had locked the door.
7.10.3 在as if/as though引导的从句中
1 I really don't care for the way you're speaking to me. It seems as if you were my father.
2 You should live each day as if it were the last and use every second to your advantage. That means setting goals, being involved on campus and in your community, working hard, and most importantly, never giving up! 你们应该把每一态都当作是生命中的最后一天来度过，充分利用每一秒钟。这就意味着要设定目标，融入校园和社区生活，勤奋努力，而最重要的是，永不放弃！
3 We have not seen each other for ten solid years, but when we encountered on the street that day, we were still so affectionate that it seemed as if not a single day had gone by. 我们已经有整整10年没见了，但是当那天我们在街上遇到时，我们仍然感到无比亲切，就好像时光并未流逝，我们还在10年以前那样。
4 It is becoming dark. It looks as if it's going to rain. 天变黑了，似乎就要下雨。
5 It seems as if he has been to America. 他好像去过美国。
7.10.4 在it is（high）time（that）从句中
1 Don't dawdle away your youth any more. It is time you thought about your future. 不要再浪费青春了，你该考虑自己的将来了。
2 It seems to be high time that this argument were put to an end. 现在似乎是时候结束争吵了。
3 "You are very selfish. It's high time you realized that you are not the most important person in the world," Edgar said to his boss angrily. 埃德加生气地对他老板说：“你太自私了。你早就应该知道，你绝对不是这个世界上最重要的人。”
4 Man: The school had the football field redone over the summer.
Woman: It's about time.
Question: What does the woman imply?
A．Summer is a good time for repairs.
B．The field had been in poor shape.
C．It's too hot to play football in the summer.
D．The work on the football field is almost finished.
5 Man: Let's get this desk in order.
Woman: Yes, it's about time we cleared it off.
Question: What can be inferred about the desk?
A．It isn't placed right.
B．There isn't enough time to clear it off.
C．A new desk has been ordered to replace it.
D．It has needed reorganizing for quite a while.
7.10.5 在would rather，would（just）as soon，would sooner，would prefer等从句中
本节主要讨论would rather的各种句型。首先，would rather后面可以接从句和接动词原形；其次，would rather表示将来、现在或过去时的谓语动词的不同形式。
一、would rather do sth.
would rather的后面接动词原形，可以表示将来或现在的事件，意指“主语宁愿自己做某事”。这是would rather最常见的用法。请看例句：
1 I would rather go there tomorrow. 我想明天去那里。
2 He would rather stay at home than go to the cinema tonight. 他今晚就想在家里呆着，而不想去看电影。
3 1）He would rather not stay at home tonight. 他今晚不想在家呆着。
2）He would not rather stay at home tonight. *（错误）
二、would rather have done sth.
4 I took Sally to the cinema last night, but I would rather have been there alone.
这里的would rather have been表示对过去的虚拟，意思是“还不如自己一个人去”，但实际上不是一个人去的。
5 I'm eager to acquire knowledge. For my ninth birthday, my father gave me a set of the World Book Encyclopedia. Although I would rather have received a set of transformers, as I look back I realize that my dad made the right decision.
这里的would rather have received（a set of transformers）表示对过去的虚拟，意思是“本来希望自己收到（一套变形金刚）”，但实际上没有收到。
6 I would rather have had one breath of her hair, one kiss of her mouth, one touch of her hand than an eternity without it.
这句话来自美国电影《天使之城》（The City of Angels），这是由尼古拉斯·凯奇（Nicholas Cage）主演的天使说的。
三、would rather sb. did
7 Don't come tomorrow. I'd rather you came next weekend.
我们看到，这里的时间状语next weekend显然是表示一个将来的时间，但句子的谓语却用了came这样的一般过去式，而不用will come，甚至也不用would come。
8 She says she'd rather he left tomorrow instead of today.
同样道理，尽管有将来的时间状语tomorrow，但句子的谓语却用了left这样的一般过去式，而不用will leave，甚至也不用would leave。
四、would rather sb. had done
9 For my ninth birthday, my father gave me a set of the World Book Encyclopedia. But I would rather he had given me a set of transformers. 在我九岁生日的时候，我爸爸送给了我一套《世界百科全书》，可是我倒希望他能送我一套变形金刚更好。
其他的结构，如would（just）as soon，would sooner和would prefer在接从句时，完全如同would rather的虚拟用法，在此不再赘述。请看例句：
10 I'd just as soon you didn't speak rudely to her. 我希望你不要那么粗鲁地对她说话。
11 I'd as soon you hadn't spoken rudely to her. 我希望你当时没有那么粗鲁地对她说话。
最后，我们再来看一个might just as well接完成时的虚拟表达：
12 Our holidays were ruined by the weather — we might just as well have stayed at home.
这完全类似于would rather have done的意义和用法，都表示对过去的虚拟，意思是“还不如呆在家里”，但实际上没有这么做，而是出去度假了，但天气不好，玩得并不开心。
1．I wish I_________with you to the concert last night.
A．could have gone
2．Sometimes I wish I_________in a different time and a different place. (CET-4)
D．would have lived
3．Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I________your advice. (CET-4)
4．It seems to be high time that this argument_________put to an end.
5．"You are very selfish. It's high time you_________that you are not the most important person in the world," Edgar said to his boss angrily. (CET-4)
6．You don't have to be in such a hurry. I would rather you_________on business first. (CET-4)
7．Wouldn't you rather your child_________to bed early? (CET-4)
1．George would certainly have attended the proceedings________.
A．had he not had a flat tire
B．had the tire no flattened itself
C．if the flat tire hadn't happened
D．if he didn't get a flat tire
2．Nelson____________the fight, with a little more training and a better manager.
C．could have won
3．If I_________my own clothes, I________a lot of money.
A．had made/would save
B．could make/would save
C．can make/would save
D．could make/will save
4．Thank goodness, it's all over. I________it if I________it was going to take me so long.
A．would never have done/had known
B．would never do/knew
C．would never have done/knew
D．would never do/had known
5．He was fully occupied yesterday, otherwise he________to the sales conference.
B．would have come
6．Without computers, the world________what it is today.
B．would not be
7．________I realized the consequences, I would never have contemplated getting involved.
8．He had to drive fast yesterday; otherwise he________his plane.
B．would be missing
C．would have missed
9．________the sense of someone watching them, Ralph would have shouted at his wife.
10．Any man in his position________like that.
B．would have done
D．would be done
11．We didn't know his address; otherwise we________an invitation to him.
A．would have sent
B．must have sent
12．Sometimes I have thought it would be an excellent rule to live each day as if we________tomorrow.
B．are to die
13．The boy would have died,________on him without delay.
A．if the doctor didn't operate
B．if the doctor wouldn't operate
C．would the doctor not operate
D．had the doctor not operated
14．If Greek civilization________all of Europe, English wouldn't contain so many Greek words.
15．If television________a thousand years ago, would nations be significantly more homogeneous than they are now?
C．has been invented
D．had been invented
16．At the conference, it has been decided that she________an opportunity to go abroad as a sales representative.
A．is going to have
17．It is extremely urgent that they________from the mountain before dark.
C．will be rescued
D．shall be rescued
18．The women's magazines, deploring the statistics, urged that courses on marriage, and marriage counselors,________in the high schools.
C．have been installed
19．I intend to move that our committee________Tom as chairman, and I hope that you will second my motion.
20．The dean approved of the requirement that every student________on social investigation after summer vacation.
21．I second Mr. Wang's motion that a special committee________to examine the problem.
C．was to establish
22．"I wish you________the play last night."
"It's a shame that I________.
23．The picture exhibition bored me to death. I wish I________to it.
A．have not gone
B．had not gone
D．should not have gone
24．It was a lovely day yesterday. I________I had been at the seaside then.
25．It's about time I________something about home-decorating.
26．If only we________a phone! I'm tired of queuing outside the public phone box.
27．The manager would rather his daughter________in the same office.
A．had not worked
B．not no work
C．does not work
D．did not work
28．He would rather________than worked last night.
29．Frankly, I'd rather you________anything about it for the time being as it has not yet been decided.
30．She would rather that you________last night.
B．do not arrive
C．had not arrived
D．did not arrive
31．In the United States a law requires that a warning label________on cigarette packages.
A．ought to be printed
B．needs to be printed
C．must be printed
D．should be printed
32．It is high time that the third world countries________a more active part in economic affairs of the world.
33．If the United States had built more homes for people in 1995, the housing problems now in some parts of this country________so serious.
B．will not have been
C．wouldn't have been
D．would have not been
34．At the last conference, the motion that the chairman of the International Olympic Games________was defeated.
A．would be dismissed
35．If the climate had been more favorable, the crops________still better.
A．would have grown
B．would be growing
C．would be grown
36．These facts suggested that women________in opportunity for physical exercise by cultural taboos.
A．should been limited
B．had been limited
D．have been limited
37．I would very much like to have gone to see the movie, but I________a ticket.
A．shall not have
38．The result has turned still worse than it________
A．would otherwise have been
B．would be otherwise
C．has otherwise been
D．had otherwise been
39．The stubborn young man did not follow the advice that he________on his behavior since he refused to believe he had done anything wrong.
40．________for your help, we'd never have been able to get over the difficulties.
A．Had it not been
B．Had it not
C．If it were not
D．If we had not been
41．The storm delayed us.________the storm we would have been in time.
B．Were it not for
C．Had it not been for
42．The party__________at my house, but the central heating broke down, and we had to have it at John's place.
B．would have been
C．was to be
43．We are all for your proposal that the discussion_________.
A．be put off
B．was put off
C．should put off
D．is to put off
44．He turned down her proposal that she__________at the conference.
45．What do you think of Tom's proposal that__________put on the play at tonight's English evening?
A．we will not
46．The school board listened quickly as John read the demands that his followers_________for.
C．had been demonstrating
47．It was suggested at the meeting that effective measures_________to solve the problem.
C．must be taken
48．It is desirable that the doctor________there at the moment.
49．I propose that a woman________deputy to the district congress.
A．would be nominated
50．Her mother insists that she________skating with her brother.
51．I move that he________discharged for his serious mistake.
A．be to be
B．was to be
C．is to be
52．These national parks are very important for preserving many animals, who would________run the risk of becoming extinct.
53．We went to work on foot yesterday, though we________by bus.
A．could have gone
B．must have gone
C．ought to have gone
D．had better to
54．One of the requirements for a fire is that the material________to its burning temperature.
B．will be heated
D．would be heated
55．It is advisable that a general announcement_________to the teaching staff.
A．will be made
D．have been made
56．Abraham Lincoln insisted that________not just on mere opinion but on moral purpose.
A．to base democracy
B．for democracy to be based
C．democracy be based
D．whenever democracy is based
57．Mr. Smith didn't phone me last night, but he________.
A．might have to
58．It is essential that these application forms_________back as early as possible.
A．must be sent
B．will be sent
59．I'd rather you_________make any comment on the issue for the time being.
60．Had he worked harder, he________the exams.
A．must have got through
B．would have got through
C．would get through
D．could get through
61．I don't think it advisable that Tim_________to the job since he has no experience.
B．will be assigned
D．has been assigned
62．If only the committee__________the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible.
63．It is vital that enough money_______to fund the project.
C．must be collected
D．can be collected
64．You_________her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks.
A．needn't have seen
B．must have seen
C．might have seen
D．can't have seen
65．Jean doesn't want to work right away because she thinks that if she________a job she probably wouldn't be able to see her friends very often.
A．has to get
B．were to get
D．could have got
66．The local peasants gave the soldiers clothes and food, without which they_________of hunger and cold.
C．would be dead
D．would have died
67．It is recommended that the project_________until all the preparations have been made.
A．is not started
B．will not be started
C．not be started
D．is not to be started
68．I wish I_________longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class.
A．could have slept
69．We desire that the tour leader________us immediately of any change in plans.
70．He suggested__________to tomorrow's exhibition together.
A．us to go
C．we shall go
71．John's score on the test is the highest in the class; he________hard last weekend.
A．should have studied
B．must have studied
C．would have studied
72．The room is in a terrible mess; it_________cleaned.
A．can't have been
B．shouldn't have been
C．mustn't have been
D．wouldn't have been
73．Sally can't have been in Paris, or_______
C．I'll meet him
D．I'd have met
74．Research findings show we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no matter what we_________during the day.
A．should have done
B．would have done
C．may have done
D．must have done
75．To be frank, I'd rather you________in the case.
A．not to be involved
C．will no be involved
D．were not involved
76．It seems to be high time that this argument_________put to an end.
77．The dentist said that my tooth went worse and I__________it pulled out.
A．should have had
B．might have had
C．needn't have had
D．mustn't have had
78．The business is risky. But________, we would be rich.
A．should we succeed
B．would we succeed
C．might we succeed
D．could we succeed
79．If we hadn't been interrupted the day before yesterday, we_________the job.
B．would not have done
D．would have done
80．It is decided that no smoking_________in public places from now on.
C．will be allowed
D．should have been allowed
81．The Reform club proposed that wages_______.
A．would be raised
C．would have been raised
82．Through worldly loss he came to an insight into spiritual truth to which he might________have been a stranger.
83．_________yesterday, I would have asked him not to do that.
A．Had he come
B．Provided he came
C．If he came
D．Has he come
84．It is highly necessary that the rocket________until all the preparations have been made.
A．is not to be launched
B．not be launched
C．were not launched
D．is not to be launched
85．I had intended to go to the airport yesterday, in which case I_________the guests.
C．might have met
86．It is generally thought to be necessary to a college student that he_______at least on foreign language.
87．I'd rather you (A) would go by train, because I (B) can't bear the idea of (C) your being in an airplane in (D) such bad weather.
88．Your math instructor (A) would have been happy to give you a makeup examination (B) had you gone and (C) explained that your parents (D) had been ill at the time.
89．I don't think (A) it advisable that he (B) will be assigned to the job since he has (C) no experience (D) whatsoever.
90．The law I am referring (A) to requires that (B) everyone who (C) owns a car (D) has accident insurance.